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Text Space 7 Jan

The Space of Interactive Text

This is the document view of the Concept Map (CM) I am evolving. This document will evolve with the CM but it will have to be done manually so I cannot guarantee it will always synch completely, something which highlights the need for a document format which feature Word Processor and CM views, at the users request.

(NOTE: This diagram has it’s own WordPress Category on this blog, so you can click here to always see the newest version on top:

The diagram is settling. Scapple document is at: The description in .liquid is at and this is the current description:


Text Space Diagram



Phases of Academic Text Interaction

This overview is of text use in academia primarily and as such the phases of text used in writing a document (thesis, report, paper etc.) is an important aspect of the interactive text system, since the whole system needs to serve this workflow:

•  Literature Review is the phase of work when the user is reading documents and likely annotating them
•  Writing Notes is where the user writes down thoughts somewhere
•  Thinking is the phase where the user is actively thinking and using the available information and interactions to augment the thinking
•  Writing Document refers to the text entering to the document which does include some editing
•  Editing Document is the work of primarily editing the document where some writing is also done
•  Reviewing Document reviewing the document for polish, using systems to ensure clarity and credibility
•  Publishing Document to the academic community

 Writing Mode

The mental mode of the user when writing the text – not authoring, only when entering text into the system:

•  Quick refers to getting the information from the users head to a document as quickly as possible.
•  Organized means entering information in an ordered fashion to save time later and to think about the evolving structure of the text.

 Interrogation Mode

The mental mode of the user when reading/interacting with the text:

•  Browsing is a mode where the user is passively going through information, skimming and only taking in what appears to be of interest
•  Passively Reading is when the reader reads the text but makes no real effort to analyse or remember anything, such as when reading a basic work of fiction
•  Active Reading for specific knowledge extraction is based on Craig Tashman’s thesis (Craig S Tashman, which is outlined in this blog post:
•  Planning is reading for a specific reason to enable actions to happen
•  Basic Information Acquisition is reading to learn how to carry out a specific (primarily linear) task, with little cognitive effort required
•  Stimulation/Inspiration is reading not for information as such but to change the mood of the reader
•  Reading ‘through’ to understand intent/author’s mindset is an analysis where the text is indicative of what the reader is interested in but not explicit conveying the information


Notes on where the actual text data (and other associated data) is stored:

Local Machine

•  Document means stored on the users hard drive as a document
•  Database means stored in a database on the users machine

Owned Cloud

•  Document means stored in the users cloud, in the form of a document
•  Database means stored in the users cloud, in a database


•  Document means stored as a document on an internet accessible server
•  Database means stored in a database on an internet accessible server


How the text is presented to the user, as a document,


•  Hybrid WP & CM a document format which allows for toggling between Word Processing views and Concept Map views
•  Concept Map a non-linear layout
•  Word Processing traditional scrolling text document format
•  Hand Written
•  Note Management
•  Spreadsheet
•  Frozen/Paginated/PDF
•  Citation Management

Database Interaction

•  Owned and controlled by the user
•  Accessible/Web accessible but not owned nor controlled by the user


•  Cited with further context
•  Forks
•  Updates
•  Translations


Concerns the units of text presented to the user:

•  Document the user sees the text in a document
•  Card/Note the user sees the text in a card/note which is a smaller ‘box’ on the screen
•  Node the user sees the text in a node in a Concept/Mind Map or hypertext overview
•  ‘Page’/‘Screen’ the user sees the text in on a screen on in a page with no immediate visual reference to a container

Visual Elements


•  Character
•  Word
•  Sentence
•  Statement
•  Paragraph
•  Chapter
•  Section

•  Equations
•  Numbers

•  Time References
•  Geographic References

Other Media

•  Pictures
•  Image Graphs
•  Interactive Graphs
•  Video
•  Diagram (symbolic)
•  Chart (visual)

Embedded Metadata

Automatically Generated


•  Creation Time
•  Source
•  etc.


This is the category of user-added information to the main text body:


•  Citations. Something addressable in the World which is referred to in the body of text
•  Annotations. Thoughts about Something in the World
•  Comments. Thoughts about Something in Our Work


•  Typographic
•  Like
•  Important
•  etc.

User/Automatically Generated

Meta information which can be attached through automation or manual means:

Conceptual Components

Conceptual components in the text:

•  Filling
•  Clerical
•  Contextual
•  Colour
•  Assertions
•  Ideas
•  Analysis


•  Utterance: A stretch of speech usually preceded and followed by a pause or by a change of speaker.
•  Pause: A perceived pause within or between utterances.
•  Vocal: A vocalized but not necessarily lexical phenomenon (e.g. voiced pauses).
•  Kinesic: Any communicative phenomenon, not necessarily vocalized (e.g. a gesture).
•  Event: Any phenomenon or occurrence, not necessarily vocalized or communicative (e.g. incidental noises).
•  Writing: A passage of written text revealed to participants in the course of a spoken text.
•  Shift: Marks the point at which there is a change in some paralinguistic feature.

(For Voice Based Constituents:

•  Source. High resolution link to sections in the original media corresponding to the transcription, or a simple URL to the media document



•  Summary
•  Writing Level
•  Word Count
•  School of Thought
•  Named Entity Recognition
•  Gramatical Markup
•  Semantic Analysis
•  Concept Extraction
•  Sentiment Analysis
•  Alignment with recorded speech media


•  Machine Learning
•  Statistical Analysis
•  Linguistics


Operations On Text

•  Search
•  Reference Look-Up
•  Conversions
•  Translations
•  Copy/Move
•  Cut
•  Reformat
•  Share
•  Execute *View* Change


•  Visible/Hidden
•  Designed By
– Author Only
– Reader Only
– Editor Only
– Reader Adjustments
•  Presentations
– Synopsis
– Tables
– Keyword Based
– Graphs
– Outline
– Concept Map
– Full Text


– None/Frozen Supports no views beyond the default view
– Typographic Only supports changing of font and colour etc.
– Layout supports changing the layout of the text, including what information to show
– Deep Tag Support Supports tags beyond the visible text and interactions through them
– Layers Supports Showing different layers of the text
– *Presentations* XX. (The ** means that this section refers to the full section Resolutions elsewhere on the map)
– Audience Specific Supports showing different versions depending on the audience needs automatically

Interaction Means

•  Criteria Based
•  Direct on elements
•  Control Interfaces
– Manual ‘drag & drop’/click
– Keyboard Shortcuts
– Gestures
– Voice



•  Subtle/Timid
•  Eager/Strong
•  Adaptive Navigation
•  Programmed Destination
•  Random Destination


•  Further Info
•  Alternative
•  Disagreeing
•  Etc.


•  High Resolution
•  Low Resolution


•  Image Search
•  Web/Google
•  Glossary
•  Wikipedia
•  Etc.




•  Location
– Takes over Screen
– Tab
– New Window
– Inline in other text (“transclusion”)
•  Method
– Click on link
– Open on local/cloud system
– Search
– View change


Where explicit Links are visible and clickable, there are also other ways the text can refer to other text by being connected to it, through means which the digital system may be able to facilitate:

•  Dimensional based on any accessible dimension such as time and date, location, size and so on
•  Visible whether the connection is visible, such as in a Concept Map view, from user’s manual connecting or based on some criteria (above) or just something in the users head


Concerns how the elements in the text can be addresses and thus be referred to by other text:

•  *Resolutions* is the aspect of the addressability which concerns whether the addressing is for the container document, paragraph or other granularity. (The ** means that this section refers to the full section Resolutions elsewhere on the map)
•  Absolute URL as regular internet Uniform Resource Locator
•  Relative URL with a description of the relative path through directories from link text/button to anchor
•  Full Text Search unique enough text that it can be found through a Google/Bing internet search
•  Meta-Tag by having searchable meta-information attached
•  Paths Relative paths through a uses journey (Vannevar Bush’s Paths (Bush,
•  None No digital addressability available/possible. The text can be accessed through other means such as walking across the room and plugging in a memory stick, but not through digital interaction


How to summon the text into view:


•  Click on link
•  Open on local/cloud system
•  Search
•  View change

Spawn Location

•  Inline in other text (“transclusion”)
•  New Window
•  Tab
•  Takes over Screen


Where the text originates from:


•  Citations from a reference source with access information and citation meta-data
•  Copied as plain text from a source the author did not create

User Authored

•  Pasted from remote or near location which the user created
•  Moved from another location the user created/owns, such as through drag and drop
•  Referred to from other document/location through link or drag and drop or the means
•  Typed manually using a keyboard
•  Voice Transcription by speaking to the system or from a video or audio recordingtyle

Published inAuthorInteractive Text Space DiagramLiterature Review

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