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Category: [Glossary Term]


The term ‘citation’ in interactive text terms refers to the academic tradition of ‘citing a source’, meaning showing where the source of a quote or the basis for an assertion comes from.

With reference to interactive text, it is used as indicating a richer type of link, which has information about the destination of the link added to the source of the link, such as author, publication and so forth.


From Wikipedia:

Broadly, a citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the original source). More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears. Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation (whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not). References to single, machine-readable assertions in electronic scientific articles are known as nanopublications, a form of microattribution.


From Etymology Online:

citation (n.) Look up citation at Dictionary.comc. 1300, “summons, written notice to appear,” from Old French citation or directly from Latin citationem (nominative citatio) “a command,” noun of action from past participle stem of citare “to summon, urge, call; put in sudden motion, call forward; rouse, excite” (see cite).

Meaning “passage cited, quotation” is from 1540s. From 1918 as “a mention in an official dispatch.”

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Interactive Fiction

As a rule, interactive fictions use links to vary what takes place in the narrative world, while hyperfiction more frequently uses links to vary the way underlying events are described: 

  • interactive fiction generally focuses on story while 
  • hyperfiction has predominantly focused on plot.

Storyspace 3 Mark Bernstein Eastgate Systems, Inc.

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Active Reading

Knowledge workers are frequently called upon to perform deep, critical reading involving a heightened level of interaction with the reading media and other tools. This process, known as active reading, entails highlighting, commenting upon, and flipping through a text, in addition to other actions.….

Reading is not passive. Reading is highlighting, underlining, and annotating. It is showing relationships, taking notes in the margin, and elucidating the structure of a  document. It’s moving papers and lining up pages to compare just the right paragraphs with each other. It is jumping non-linearly between and within documents for comparison and search [O’Hara 1996; Liao, Guimbretiere et al. 2008]. 

LIQUIDTEXT: SUPPORTING ACTIVE READING THROUGH FLEXIBLE DOCUMENT REPRESENTATIONS  A Dissertation Presented to  The Academic Faculty  by  Craig S Tashman  In Partial Fulfillment  of the Requirements for the Degree  Doctor of Philosophy in the  School of Interactive Computing

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